The Calcio Storico Fiorentino is an ancient tradition of the city of Florence, which for the occasion is divided into 4 districts, each associated with a color.
Also this year, during the month of June, will take place the tournament that will designate the winning District for 2018.
Calcio Storico Fiorentino in the past was also known by the name of Football in Costume, because played with clothes representative of a historical period or as Football in Livrea for the bright liveries (robes with colors and coats of arms of nobles, or pre-established colors that knights wore armor or even uniforms to differentiate groups of people belonging to two different parts). In Florence for the game of football, livery was used for games played with particular solemnity: marriages of rulers, official visits by Cardinals, Popes and Grand Dukes.
The “Giuoco del Calcio Fiorentino” has very distant origins, comes from games with the ball of the Greeks who in the specific case called Sferomachia, then passed to the Romans with the name of Harpastum (literally Tearing a Force). During the Middle Ages, evolving, Florence was played football on the streets, in the squares to organize matches that have remained in the history of the city. The most important football match is played in Piazza Santa Croce on February 17, 1530, during the Siege of Emperor Charles V in the city of Florence to subdue the Florentine Republic upon the return of the Medici family.
The Florentines, despite being gripped by hunger and exhausted by the war, came down from the walls, organized a large procession and began to play football in Piazza Santa Croce in mockery of the enemy. From that day in Florence, whoever governed the city, has played or made football Fiorentino celebrations.
Nowaday, after the resumption of the Calcio Storico Fiorentino in 1930, the teams of the city districts, Bianchi di Santo Spirito, Rossi di Santa Maria Novella, Verdi di San Giovanni and Azzurri di Santa Croce meet each other in June every year.The tournament includes two matches of the semifinals and a final among the winners on June 24, the day of the city’s patron, San Giovanni.
The challenges fought but loyal, designate a winner who can boast against the city the title of champion, symbolically winning a white calf of Chianina breed and a palio painted by a Florentine artist. The flag of the winning district of Calcio Storico Fiorentino is displayed all year round in front of the Palagio di Parte Guelfa in Florence.
The show is unique and original, each team gives the maximum to overtake the other and there is only one goal, to bring the ball to the end of the opponent’s field. In this way a great combat of high competition and of very marked physical resistance develops, where the battle is part of the game and the skill of the “Calcianti” and their physical prowess and preparation, is the basis for achieving the result.
The Calcio Storico Fiorentino is at the base of many contemporary sports disciplines, is the primordial synthesis of the development of sports played with the ball and contact sports. It is also the origin of the basic rules of today’s major team sports, from Football, to Rugby, to American Football.
The commemoration is organized every year in the month of June for the festivities of St. John the Baptist, patron of the city, and on the day dedicated to him, on the 24th, the celebrations in his honor, which end with the colorful and joyful fires that, from Piazzale Michelangelo, illuminate all of Florence, primarily involving the Calcio Storico. Replay the football matches in Livrea for the main city holiday as well as wanting to document the purely Florentine origin of the game of football, also demonstrates the intimate relationship that this game has with the history and culture of Florence.
The multicolored procession, composed of 550 figures, with the liveries of the calcianti, the sixteenth-century uniforms of Florentine nobles (chosen among the descendants of the historical families of the city) and of the infantrymen, with weapons and flags of the time, bring us back as for I sing in the exciting, cheerful and festive atmosphere of the Renaissance. Everything is like then. costumes, weapons, armor, signs, music and commands. When the game begins, immediately the 54 calcianti (27 per team) lit with a spirit of part and anxiety of victory, weaving plots of thick passages, air shots of the ball, scuffles, blatant tackles and blends giving life to a game alive and tight which has something of modern foot-ball, rugby and free fight.
For each “hunt” (goal) scored, the shot of the colubrine sanctions the point for one or the other team; only then is the field reversed. […] In the end, after fifty minutes, the winning line-up receives a white calf, which has been festively withdrawn from the calcians, now with its tattered or bare-knit sweaters. […] After the award of the prize, the parade recomposes the initial deployment: the last blast of the trumpet and the drumming of the drums are dissolved by cadenzando the brilliant game of the banners masterfully jubilated by the Uffizi. The procession parades imposing and vigorous as at the time of the Florentine Republic: even the players, true representatives of the people leave the scene.
The information and images shown come from the official site of Historical Soccer run by the City of Florence